The History and Use of Silver Snuff Boxes
Of the any antique devices, ornaments, and other intriguing items that can be collected, one of the more interesting is snuff boxes. You can find different types of sterling silver snuff boxes that come from around the world, including Russian, Scottish, and English origin. You can also find such boxes from different periods in history, such as Gregorian or Victorian.
If you are interested in why snuff boxes are important collector’s items, it helps to know their function and origin.
What is a Snuff Box?
The box is used to hold snuff, which is any powdery substance that can be sniffed. The most common types of snuff are made from tobacco. The box itself is a simple container with a lid that kept the snuff fresh which helped keep its potency.
While powdered tobacco was less addictive when inhaled in its raw form into the lungs as opposed to be smoked, it’s users were still addicted by the nicotine contained in the tobacco and suffered from the side effects which included an increased risk of cancer to the nasal passages, sinuses, and throat. Snuff was quite popular for centuries and even today it is still being used around the world.
History of Snuff
The first people to have created snuff were the indigenous population of Brazil. For hundreds of years, they would grind up tobacco on a mortar made from rosewood which gave the substance a pleasant wood aroma. The snuff was stored in airtight bottles, so it could stay fresh for a long time. It was not until the late 15th century when Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas and the tobacco it contained did snuff proceed into Europe.
Interestingly enough, the introduction of snuff to Europe came by way of Friar Ramon Pane, who had accompanied Columbus to the Americas and demonstrated the product upon his return. While the initial reception was mixed, it was not long before snuff spread like wildfire across Europe. The 16th century saw the spread of tobacco products with snuff being highly sought after by royalty and the well-to-do.
By the 17th century, snuff had reached English shores and it even became acceptable for ladies to indulge in the product. The establishment of snuff meant that storing it for future use became a necessity and that led to creation of the snuff box.
Creation of the Snuff Box
The antique sterling silver snuff boxes that were created in the 17th century from all parts of Europe and England were considered personal possessions much like jewelry boxes and other family heirlooms. So, it is little wonder that they were made from gold or silver or other valuable material. Of course, as with other, similar items found in the households of the rich and royalty, the snuff boxes quickly became more ornate over time.
There were two types of snuff boxes that were used given the fact that a person who indulged in snuff could be either in or away from their home when they wanted a quick sniff.
Pocket: The pocket boxes were small and usually only held enough for about a day or two of use. They were small and slim, but still fashionable even when comfortably fitting into a pocket.
Box: The larger snuff boxes were kept in the home and could hold several days’ worth of snuff. The shape of the boxes were not just simple rectangles, but there were a variety of shapes used from square to round and so forth. Snuff boxes made from porcelain often looked like trunks and there were some shaped like shells, although they were quite rare.
It was during the 17th century when snuff boxes started to become more decorated, different materials came to the forefront like silver. Still, many of the snuff boxes were hand-painted, featuring tiny portraits to bucolic scenes to miniature landscapes. For the wealthy, many had cameos of themselves painted on the boxes. Some versions made in France were known as tabatieres, which used gold more than silver and were encrusted with amethysts, sapphires, and even diamonds. You could find them enameled, engraved, or chased.
English & Scottish Snuff Boxes
The antique sterling silver snuff boxes created in England were mostly made in the cities of Birmingham & London. By the early part of the 19th century, a number of snuff box makers were crafting their products which became quite famous. Craftsmen such as Samuel Pemberton, Nathaniel Mills, and Edward Smith created silver snuff boxes that featured engravings of abbeys and castles on the lid and sides.
The Scottish created a unique type of box, a snuff mull that was made from a horn which featured a lid crafted from metal. The term snuff mill probably comes from hand mills which were used to ground snuff in the first place. However, another theory held that the insides of the horn had ridges so they owner could grind or mill the snuff to a finer degree. There is no strong evidence for that theory, but it cannot be ruled out. The horn was often decorated or engraved with different scenes, shapes, or decorations that made them unique to the owner. A silver lid would sometimes decorate the top of the Scottish snuff mill.
The contributions of craftsmen to the creation of silver snuff boxes changed from the Gregorian times to the Victorian era, reflecting the changes in the culture. Plus, new technology made it easier to create snuff boxes as mass manufacturing techniques were employed. This allowed more common peoples to own snuff boxes made from sterling silver which increased their popularity, but also removed many of the individual touches that they became known for over the years.
Although snuff boxes have lost much of their popularity with the public, their value as antique items have never been stronger. This is why so many sterling silver snuff boxes created before the age of mass manufacturing are considered quite valuable.